ConFoo: Call for paper is now Open

sqlsrv_prepare

(No version information available, might only be in Git)

sqlsrv_preparePrepares a query for execution

Description

mixed sqlsrv_prepare ( resource $conn , string $sql [, array $params [, array $options ]] )

Prepares a query for execution. This function is ideal for preparing a query that will be executed multiple times with different parameter values.

Parameters

conn

A connection resource returned by sqlsrv_connect().

sql

The string that defines the query to be prepared and executed.

params

An array specifying parameter information when executing a parameterized query. Array elements can be any of the following:

  • A literal value
  • A PHP variable
  • An array with this structure: array($value [, $direction [, $phpType [, $sqlType]]])
The following table describes the elements in the array structure above:

Array structure
Element Description
$value A literal value, a PHP variable, or a PHP by-reference variable.
$direction (optional) One of the following SQLSRV constants used to indicate the parameter direction: SQLSRV_PARAM_IN, SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT, SQLSRV_PARAM_INOUT. The default value is SQLSRV_PARAM_IN.
$phpType (optional) A SQLSRV_PHPTYPE_* constant that specifies PHP data type of the returned value.
$sqlType (optional) A SQLSRV_SQLTYPE_* constant that specifies the SQL Server data type of the input value.
options

An array specifing query property options. The supported keys are described in the following table:

Query Options
Key Values Description
QueryTimeout A positive integer value. Sets the query timeout in seconds. By default, the driver will wait indefinitely for results.
SendStreamParamsAtExec TRUE or FALSE (the default is TRUE) Configures the driver to send all stream data at execution (TRUE), or to send stream data in chunks (FALSE). By default, the value is set to TRUE. For more information, see sqlsrv_send_stream_data().
Scrollable SQLSRV_CURSOR_FORWARD, SQLSRV_CURSOR_STATIC, SQLSRV_CURSOR_DYNAMIC, or SQLSRV_CURSOR_KEYSET See » Specifying a Cursor Type and Selecting Rows in the Microsoft SQLSRV documentation.

Return Values

Returns a statement resource on success and FALSE if an error occurred.

Examples

Example #1 sqlsrv_prepare() example

This example demonstrates how to prepare a statement with sqlsrv_prepare() and re-execute it multiple times (with different parameter values) using sqlsrv_execute().

<?php
$serverName 
"serverName\sqlexpress";
$connectionInfo = array( "Database"=>"dbName""UID"=>"username""PWD"=>"password");
$conn sqlsrv_connect$serverName$connectionInfo);
if( 
$conn === false) {
    die( 
print_rsqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

$sql "UPDATE Table_1
        SET OrderQty = ?
        WHERE SalesOrderID = ?"
;

// Initialize parameters and prepare the statement. 
// Variables $qty and $id are bound to the statement, $stmt.
$qty 0$id 0;
$stmt sqlsrv_prepare$conn$sql, array( &$qty, &$id));
if( !
$stmt ) {
    die( 
print_rsqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

// Set up the SalesOrderDetailID and OrderQty information. 
// This array maps the order ID to order quantity in key=>value pairs.
$orders = array( 1=>102=>203=>30);

// Execute the statement for each order.
foreach( $orders as $id => $qty) {
    
// Because $id and $qty are bound to $stmt1, their updated
    // values are used with each execution of the statement. 
    
if( sqlsrv_execute$stmt ) === false ) {
          die( 
print_rsqlsrv_errors(), true));
    }
}
?>

Notes

When you prepare a statement that uses variables as parameters, the variables are bound to the statement. This means that if you update the values of the variables, the next time you execute the statement it will run with updated parameter values. For statements that you plan to execute only once, use sqlsrv_query().

See Also

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 1 note

up
0
matt at bigbadweb dot co dot uk
2 months ago
Example of how to formally specify the params, AND get output.
<?php

// Setup connection
$serverName = "serverName\sqlexpress";
$connectionInfo = array( "Database"=>"dbName", "UID"=>"username", "PWD"=>"password");
$conn = sqlsrv_connect( $serverName, $connectionInfo);
if(
$conn === false) {
  die(
print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

// specify params - MUST be a variable that can be passed by reference!
$myparams['Item_ID'] = intval(-2);
$myparams['Item_Name'] = "Foo";

// Set up the proc params array - be sure to pass the param by reference
$procedure_params = array(
array(&
$myparams['Item_ID'], SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT),
array(&
$myparams['Item_Name'], SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT)
);

// EXEC the procedure, {call stp_Create_Item (@Item_ID = ?, @Item_Name = ?)} seems to fail with various errors in my experiments
$sql = "EXEC stp_Create_Item @Item_ID = ?, @Item_Name = ?";

$stmt = sqlsrv_prepare($conn, $sql, $procedure_params);

if( !
$stmt ) {
die(
print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

if(
sqlsrv_execute($stmt)){
  while(
$res = sqlsrv_next_result($stmt)){
   
// make sure all result sets are stepped through, since the output params may not be set until this happens
 
}
 
// Output params are now set,
 
print_r($params);
 
print_r($myparams);
}else{
  die(
print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}
?>
To Top